Jagiellonian University is the 2nd oldest university in all of Central Europe, after Prague. Founded by King Casimir the Great with permission from the Pope Urban V, in 1364, the university centered on the liberal arts, medicine and law and has withstood the test of time. Now, it departments consist of Law and Administration, Medicine, Pharmacy, Health Sciences, Philosophy, History, Philology, Polish Studies, Physics, Astronomy and Applied Computer Science, Chemistry, Biology and Earth Sciences, Management and Social Communication, International and Political Studies, and Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology. The Poles have a long standing pride in fundamentally high academic standards which for centuries have built up the prestige of science, while accounting for the moral strength of academia and providing it with the basis for advancing ethical and civic virtues to benefit the Polish people and all of human kind.