Canada, being a developed country boasts a huge transportation department, combining both commercial and industrial uses. It has over 1,4 million kilometers or 870 thousand miles of roads which constitute the bulk of transport options in the country. Railroads span over 72 thousand kilometers or 44 thousand miles. There are 300 small airports and 10 major international airports in the country and 300 ports which service the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic oceans.

Over 4.2% of Canada's GDP comes from transportation – a huge figure, considering that the biggest industry in the country (mining) accounts for just 3.7%. The Ministry of Transport oversees the Transport Canada department, responsible for all transportation within the country.

In terms of urban transportation options, there are rapid rail systems in Montreal, Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton and Ottawa. Commuter train systems are also in place and have a huge impact on public transportation in Montreal, Vancouver and Toronto.

In Canada, 80% of people use cars for commuting, while only 11% use public transportation options. This is mainly due to Canada's enhanced and well-implemented road systems and the country's high reliance on cars.

Ports allow the country to conduct trade with oversea trading partners. In terms of container traffic, the following are the busiest ports in Canada: Vancouver, Montreal, Halifax, St. John's, Fraser River, Saint John and Toronto. Ferry services are provided from Vancouver Island to mainland, automobile ferry from Nova Scotia to Newfoundland and Labrador and a few other destinations and a train ferry from British Colombia to Alaska or Washington state.

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