Ubuntu operating system written by: Braby2014 Launched in 2004, Ubuntu is an operating system which relies on Linux, and is free to use. The name of the system derives from an old African word which translates as "humanity", and is currently one of the most popular Linux distributions. Two new releases of the system are available twice a year, usually in the Spring and Fall months.

Ubuntu operating system

Ubuntu is made up of a variety of freeware, and comes installed with software packages such as Transmission, Mozilla Firefox, LibreOffice and Empathy, as well as several games such as chess and Sudoku. Users can download software via the Ubuntu Software Center, or other package management tools.

There are a number of free programs in the Software Center, as well as priced programs. The operating system can also run programs which were designed for other systems such as Microsoft Office, intended for Microsoft Windows, through Wine, or from a virtual machine such as VMware Workstation or VirtualBox.

The main dashboard of Ubuntu is easy to use, and displays information automatically which relates to a search term that is inputted by the user. For example, weather information and Wikipedia entries automatically show when a user searches for a city, or Amazon listings are displayed when the name of a product is entered.

Features

Ubuntu has been created and developed by Canonical Ltd., who are based in the United Kingdom. The operating system supports more than 40 different languages and the desktop version includes the graphical desktop environment Unity.

System requirements depend on the product, but for the desktop version of the operating system, a 1 GHz Pentium 4 processor which has at least 1 gigabyte of RAM, as well as at least 5.9 gigabytes of space on the hard driver are recommended. Support for smartphones, mobile tablet devices and television will be added to Ubuntu 14.4, which is scheduled for release in April 2014.